Different energy sources refer to the many ways we capture and use energy. They include renewable and nonrenewable forms of energy. The type of energy we choose is determined by several factors, including how it impacts the environment and if it’s affordable and readily available.

In 2018 fossil fuels were responsible for 81 percent of energy production worldwide. These non-renewable energy sources can harm the environment in numerous ways. For instance, oil drilling can cause a huge impact on wildlife and communities. Fracking contributes to pollution of water. Power plants that use coal emit CO2.

Renewable energy, also referred to as green or clean energy is derived from natural and continuously replenishing resources such as sunlight wind, water, and sun. It’s an excellent way to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and benefit the planet.

However, renewable energy isn’t just about conserving the environment, it’s also about being reliable and cost-effective. That’s why renewable energy is becoming increasingly popular as a way to power our homes or businesses, as well as vehicles.

The most commonly used renewable energy sources are solar, wind, hydropower, and nuclear. Solar energy is a method that converts sunlight into warmth and electricity. Wind energy is used to generate electricity in many locations across the globe. Hydropower harnesses force of swiftly moving water to generate electricity. Nuclear energy produces electricity by using the atomic fission process.

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